“… As I waited, my eye was drawn to the rows of digital displays hanging throughout the departure lounge. Normally displaying advertisements and train departure times, instead these boards were illuminated with a series of photographic portraits.
This was part of Portrait of Britain, a collaboration between the British Journal of Photography and the digital billboard operator JCDeaux, who came together to display 100 portraits of contemporary Britons on digital signage across the country….”
“… Although every portrait shoot is interesting for different reasons, working with actors has frequently proved the most enjoyable. “They have an inherent understanding of the craft and being in front of a lens… The pictures often feel like a gift.” But, he adds, “photographing ‘normal’ people is the most rewarding. The time constraints are often less pressured and I’m offered a genuine window into someone’s life that I would never have had had I not been a photographer.”…”
Former newspaper and more recently street and advertising photographer Nick Turpin has proposed using the hashtag #canpubphoto – standing for ‘candid public photograph’ – online “to cut through the increasing ambiguity of the phrase ‘Street Photography’” and he explains why at his newly-launched website, Candid Public Photography.
There is merit in this. I did not use the term ‘street photography’ when I began making candid photographs in public places years ago and have never described myself as a ‘street photographer’.
For the first couple of decades working on personal projects fitting the definition of ‘candid public photographs’, doing so was criticized in the local art community on the basis that is was not creative.
It was further criticized under the belief that I made my candid public photographs by carefully casting the people depicted in them and then painstakingly arranging them and directing them before clicking the shutter. Nothing could be further from the truth.
Another criticism levelled was that I made the city in which I lived, in its innermost eastern suburb, and the streets upon which I walked each and every day, loving and knowing every crack and paving stone like the back of my hand, look like other cities in the western world. Newsflash: cities around the world have been looking similar to each other for decades.
Recently I have seen comments about some of my candid photographs depicting people out and about in public as being ‘street portraits’. I beg to differ.
A portrait is a painting, photograph, sculpture, or other artistic representation of a person, in which the face and its expression is predominant. The intent is to display the likeness, personality, and even the mood of the person. For this reason, in photography a portrait is generally not a snapshot, but a composed image of a person in a still position. A portrait often shows a person looking directly at the painter or photographer, in order to most successfully engage the subject with the viewer.
My main line of paid work for a while was magazine editorial portraiture and Wikipedia’s definition fits, whereas a candid snapshot of someone passing by with their attention on something occurring in front of them is not a portrait, street or otherwise.
I have made personal photographs of the streets of the city in which I lived, and ‘street photography’ may describe that activity well enough but less so for what I have long referred to as urban documentary, or more simply as photographing everyday life.
Mr Turpin’s suggestion has merit.
Fujifilm’s GFX 50S medium format digital camera is more revolutionary than the most commonly shared images of it suggest. That is the first thought I had when I began exploring then downloading the product shots at Fujifilm UK’s image bank and I think it is only going to really sink in when more photographers than just the few manage to try one out.
The press images hinting at the GFX 50S being more than meets the eye prompted me to download them all and publish them here, below. Specifications lists like the one further down the page are well and good, but seeing is where we will understand the real nature of this camera and its accessories.
The most obvious way of looking at the GFX 50S is as a larger version of the Fujifilm X-T2, but with a medium format sensor instead of an APS-C one. And in a way, that is correct. The GFX 50S has the external form factor of a DSLR except for the fact that we know the GFX 50S – with S, we assume, standing for SLR-like –is most certainly a mirrorless camera with all that implies about its lack of mirror slap and its ability to use an electronic or a mechanical shutter.
But then dig a little deeper.
That pentaprism-like electronic viewfinder (EVF) unit is removable and yet, without it, the GFX 50S remains perfectly functional but as something more resembling a small view camera. Instead of a ground glass, it has a high resolution rear LCD screen.
So does the X-Pro and X-T2, like a slew of other excellent contemporary mirrorless and, for that matter, DSLR, cameras, all providing a live view that is perfectly adequate for using to compose, focus and create your photographs.
Contemporary mirrorless devices push digital cameras beyond the limitations of analog cameras in ways that mean I for one can never go back.
Fujifilm’s X-Pro2, for example, might be considered three cameras in one, in analog terms. In one way it is a small view camera not unlike the 120 roll film Linhof Technika 70, one of two Linhof Technika cameras with which I learned professional photography, the other being a Linhof Super Technika 4″x5″ sheet film camera with optional roll film magazines and a case full of accessories.
Although purchasing my own Linhof was beyond reach, the lessons learned on those two amazing cameras have stayed with me for life. They intimately shaped my portrait photography style.
Even when I used other view cameras, usually field cameras, for my work as a magazine portrait photographer, I often did so with a Linhof variable format 120 roll film magazine for more shots, faster operating speed and the choice of shooting square, rectangular or panoramic aspect ratios.
While I often find myself using the monitor of my X-Pro2 and other digital cameras as if a small view camera’s ground glass, there is no substitute for the real thing. It is all about the experience on both sides of the camera.
For me, a contemplative experience of care and precision. For my subject, an experience of respect, sometimes awe, and oftentimes an hypnotic fascination with this remarkable high precision machine into whose eye I was asking them to gaze, unflinchingly.
Then consider the images of the tilting EVF along with the images of the tilting monitor, both so reminiscent of the town lens reflex cameras that provided me with lessons in another way of seeing and photographing.
Although I learned that on an art school Mamiyaflex C330 TLR with interchangeable lenses, I chose Rolleiflex T and Rolleiflex 2.8G cameras for my professional use, for urban documentary and portraiture. All three left me with an appreciation of square format, 1:1 aspect ratio, for those times when I wanted to draw my viewers’ attention in so clearly it was like an arrow into the centre of a bullseye.
All my cameras were secondhand until I discovered 120 roll film rangefinder cameras and 120 roll film DSLRs. I won’t bore you with a list save to say that it was with the rangefinder cameras where I most felt at home due to having discovered Leica M-Series rangefinder cameras as a teenaged press photographer way out in the sticks working it all out for myself.
Rangefinder cameras have a special place in my heart to this day for their immersive window into the world, their sense of deep space and spatial relationships across the frame as well as forward and backwards.
After the demands of commercial work caused me to invest in 120 roll film DSLRs, while conceiving the magazine I later went on to cofound, I discovered Fujifilm’s GX680 Professional series, a remarkable creation combining the best of view cameras with the best of DSLRs, but one which regrettably, I never got to try out.
Another range of Fujifilm analog cameras that I was luckier with were its 120 rangefinder cameras that now live on in my hands in ghostly form as the X-Pro2.
When the late, great photojournalist-turned-landscape photographer Michael Reichmann favourably compared the Canon EOS D30 DSLR’s sensor to Fujifilm Provia 100F film, it was clear that digital photography had attained the ability to match the look of analog.
Fujifilm’s X-Pro 2, X-T2 and the coming X100F with their 24 MP sensors produce image quality far above that of 35mm film, rivalling if not surpassing that of low ISO 120 format film. We have so much to be grateful for.
There is just one thing I am a little peeved about, though, and that is that we have lost the wide variety of cameras we had during the analog era.
We now have remarkable image quality to the degree that images made on medium format DSLRs can surpass the resolution of 8″x10″ sheet film as Mr Reichmann demonstrated in another of his famous reviews.
But what all this testing, side-by-side comparisons, digital up against analog and so on fail to do is consider the experience of the cameras and lenses in question, on both sides of the sensor, and what that contributes to the images we make with them.
Image quality is crucial of course, and I say that as someone who commissioned photographs for 48-sheet posters during my advertising agency days and who now is contemplating a possible return to the art gallery wall.
For me most of all the experience of the photographer and the subject is what reigns supreme and always will.
- OrphanCameras.com/Butkus.us – Camera Manual Library 1997 – 2016
More GFX Challenges videos were released to go with the January 2017 announcement of the Fujifilm GFX 50S.
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Bernd Ritschel / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Claire Rosen / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Jan Gonzales pt.2 / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Jonas Dyhr Rask/ FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Knut Koivisto / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Lito Sy / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Sangsun Ogh / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Seiichi Nakmura (中村成一) / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Shiro Hagihara (萩原史郎) / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Supalerk Narubetkraisee / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Victoria Wright/ FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – GFX challenges with Wayne Johns / FUJIFILM
- FUJIFILMglobal – FUJIFILM GFX 50S Promotional Video / FUJIFILM
- Oliver Wehrli – Fujifilm GFX Challenge with Oliver Wehrli – Schweiz
Header image by Carmel D. Morris.